Kinesiology Information

Kinesiology, derived from the Greek words kinesis and kinein , also known as human kinetics, is the science of human movement. It is a discipline that focuses on Physical Activity. A kinesiological approach applies scientific based medical principles towards the analysis, preservation and enhancement of human movement in all settings and populations. Kinesiologists work in research, the fitness industry, clinically, and in industrial environments. Studies on human motion may be supported by computer vision, using stereo camera systems for pose recognition and motion modeling. It is not to be confused with applied kinesiology, a controversialalternative medicine technique related to chiropractic techniques.

The definition of physical activity is a highly debated topic. Not all individuals who are associated within the field of kinesiology agree on the technical definition of physical activity. In North America, kinesiologists are conferred a Bachelor of Science degree in Kinesiology or Human Kinetics, while in Australia or New Zealand, they are often conferred an Applied Science degree . Kinesiologists assess human movement, performance, and function by applying the sciences of biomechanics, anatomy, physiology, and motor learning. Kinesiologists are involved in the rehabilitation, prevention, and management of disorders to maintain, rehabilitate, or enhance movement, function or performance in the areas of sport, recreation, work, and exercise. Kinesiologists also provide consulting services, conduct research, and develop policies related to rehabilitation, human motor performance, ergonomics, and occupational health and safety. The bodily motion utilized from physical motion sets the rhythm for the organs in the body.

There is a large debate centered on the technical definition of physical activity. These debates range from whether or not an action is voluntary or involuntary, purposeful in direction within a specific activity, as well as the difference between movement and physical activity. One way to think about the relationship between movement and physical activity is this: Movement is a necessary but not a sufficient condition for physical activity. If you are performing a physical activity, you are using movement; but not every movement is a physical activity – e.g., blinking an eye, swallowing, contraction of diaphragm. One definition of physical activity is as follows: Voluntary movement intentionally performed in order to achieve a goal in sport, exercise, or any other sphere of life experience. In relation to this definition of physical activity, one definition of movement is as follows: Includes any change in the position of your body parts relative to each other.

Wikipedia, Kinesiology, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kinesiology (as of Apr 1, 2010)

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