Geology Information

Geology is the science and study of the solid and liquid matter that constitutes the Earth. The field of geology encompasses the study of the composition, structure, physical properties, dynamics, and history of Earth materials, and the processes by which they are formed, moved, and changed. The field is a major academic discipline, and is also important for mineral and hydrocarbon extraction, knowledge about and mitigation of natural hazards, some engineering fields, and understanding past climates and environments.

The work Peri Lithon by the ancient Greek scholar Theophrastus , a student of ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, remained authoritative for a millennium. Peri Lithon was translated into Latin and some other foreign languages. Its interpretation of fossils was the most dominant theory in classical Antiquity and the early Middle Ages, until it was replaced by Avicenna's theory of petrifying fluids in the late Middle Ages. In the Roman period, Pliny the Elder produced a very extensive discussion of many more minerals and metals then widely used for practical ends. He is among the first to correctly identify the origin of amber as a fossilized resin from pine trees by the observation of insects trapped within some pieces. He also laid the basis of crystallography by recognising the octahedral habit of diamond.

Some modern scholars, such as Fielding H. Garrison, are of the opinion that modern geology began in the medieval Islamic world.Abu al-Rayhan al-Biruni was one of the earliest Muslim geologists, whose works included the earliest writings on the geology of India, hypothesizing that the Indian subcontinent was once a sea.Ibn Sina , in particular, made significant contributions to geology and the natural sciences along with other natural philosophers such as Ikhwan AI-Safa and many others. He wrote an encyclopaedic work entitled “Kitab al-Shifa” , in which Part 2, Section 5, contains his essay on Mineralogy and Meteorology, in six chapters: Formation of mountains, The advantages of mountains in the formation of clouds; Sources of water; Origin of earthquakes; Formation of minerals; The diversity of earth’s terrain. These principles were later known in the Renaissance of Europe as the law of superposition of strata, the concept of catastrophism, and the doctrine of uniformitarianism. These concepts were also embodied in the Theory of the Earth by James Hutton in the Eighteenth century C.E. Academics such as Toulmin and Goodfield , commented on Avicenna's contribution: "Around A.D. 1000, Avicenna was already suggesting a hypothesis about the origin of mountain ranges, which in the Christian world, would still have been considered quite radical eight hundred years later". Avicenna's scientific methodology of field observation was also original in the Earth sciences, and remains an essential part of modern geological investigations.

Wikipedia, Geology, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geology (as of Apr 1, 2010)

Geology Books

Log in or join now now to suggest Geology books.

Geology Videos

Log in or join now now to suggest Geology videos.
Loading...

Geology Links

Geology is in LifeKnot's Science category. See more Science activites.
Log in or join now now to suggest Geology links.

Geology Tweeps

Log in or join now now to suggest tweeps the tweet about Geology.

Geology Gear

Log in or join now now to suggest Geology gear.

Geology Gurus

gu · ru [goo-roo] : one who is regarded as having great knowledge, wisdom and experience in a certain area, and who uses it to guide others. Log in or join now now to designate yourself or someone you know a Geology guru.

LifeKnot members interested in Geology

View even more people interested in Geology

LifeKnot lists over 1,520 activities. Join now to perform advanced searches of all activities.



LifeKnot ∞ Meet people that share your interests.
Copyright © 2018 LifeKnot, LLC. All rights reserved.
find us on facebook ©
follow us on twitter
Process time: 0.0701 seconds.